Disk shortages case Q4 server sales (a bit)

Considering a hurdles that a server biz has faced in new months, tellurian server shipments have remained comparatively healthy, with revenues impacted mostly by disappearing IBM mainframe sales.

Server shipments in a final entertain of 2011 were adversely impacted by a hoop expostulate shortages from a flooding in Thailand, where about a entertain of a world’s disks and many subcomponents are manufactured. In addition, shipments were approaching impacted a bit by delays of Intel and AMD’s arriving Xeon and Opteron server-chip launches.

Still and all, business is pretty good for server makers.

The analysts during Gartner, that usually handed out their news cards to server makers for Q4 and a full year, reckon that a universe consumed 2.5 million servers in a final 3 months of final year, adult 4.5 per cent from a before year’s fourth quarter. Revenues, however, were down by 5.4 per cent to $13.91bn.

While there were a lot of factors contributing to a income decline, one of a vital ones – according to Jeffrey Hewitt, a investigate VP during Gartner who does a box counting – was a approaching decrease of IBM’s System z mainframe sales as a zEnterprise 114 and 196 machines come to a finish of their cycle.

Hewitt tells El Reg that IBM’s System z mainframe sales fell by 31 per cent to $1.37bn in Q4. Plummeting sales of Unix servers formed on RISC and Itanium servers done by HP, Oracle, and Fujitsu also contributed to a altogether server income decline.

The medium boost in x86 server shipments – usually underneath 116,000 units – simply could not fill in a income opening done by mainframe and Unix server declines. Without a hoop shortages, Hewitt says that maybe another integrate hundred thousand x86 servers competence have shipped in Q4, and if we take a normal offered cost of an x86 box in a entertain and mixed it by 200,000 units (just for fun), we get $765.6m in incremental revenues. That additional x86 server iron would have put sales during a same level, some-more or less, as final year’s Q4, even with a mainframe and Unix drops.

In a quarter, Gartner calculates that x86 appurtenance accounted for 2.45 million units, and gathering $9.38bn in revenues worldwide. That’s 5 per cent expansion in shipments and 2.6 per cent expansion in revenues compared to a year ago.

HP remained a tip shipper of x86 iron, with 696,648 boxes out a bureau doorway (down 7.7 per cent) and sales of $3.04bn (down 11.3 per cent). Dell is entrance on strong, utterly in a Americas region, and managed to boost x86 server shipments (the usually kind it sells) by 11.2 per cent to 573,125 units, and revenues by 7.3 per cent to $2.06bn – Dell is apparently on a hurl offered lots of cheaper x86 boxes.

IBM’s System x business was down a smidgen (two-tenths of a point) to 304,581 units and $1.66bn in revenues, off 1.6 per cent.

On a Unix front, sales were off 8 per cent opposite all vendors to $2.73bn. IBM’s Power Systems iron was a usually Unix height to uncover growth, with sales adult 18 per cent to $1.57bn, according to Gartner’s estimates, while HP’s Integrity and Superdome platforms stomached a 32.3 per cent decrease to $561.5m and Oracle’s Sparc/Solaris height sales forsaken 23.8 per cent to $485.8m.

Fujitsu had a 44.2 per cent decrease in Unix sales to a small $43.2m, and even forsaken behind France’s Groupe Bull in a Unix sales rankings. Bull resells IBM’s Power Systems iron underneath a possess code and had 63.5m in revenues from these boxes, off 6.2 per cent from a year-ago period.

Of course, what everybody in a server pole is examination is networking hulk and server-seller wannabe Cisco Systems, that like Dell usually sells x86-based iron. (And specifically, usually Intel Xeon formed iron so far.)

Hewitt tells El Reg that Cisco accounted for about 8 per cent of blade server shipments and about 10 per cent of blade server revenues in a quarter, that puts it forward of Dell in blade revenues and behind Dell in blade shipments. (HP and IBM are a leaders in blades and have been going behind and onward for years there, though HP is winning with 44 per cent of shipments compared to IBM’s 21 per cent.)

Taking into comment both shelve and blade servers, Cisco accounted for 1.8 per cent of all shipments (a small some-more than 45,000 machines) and ranked sixth behind Lenovo by usually a few thousand machines. However, Cisco’s Unified Computing System blade and shelve servers competition integrated networking, and that helps expostulate adult a ASPs, so Cisco indeed ranked sixth worldwide in server sales in Q4, with $321.3m in revenues, adult 123.4 per cent.

Across all x86 servers, Cisco already ranks fourth in a universe forward of Fujitsu, though has a prolonged approach to go to locate IBM, that generates some-more than 5 times as most sales from a System x line.

It’s protected to contend that Cisco has determined itself in servers and is holding share. How most some-more share can it steal? It will take a few some-more years to unequivocally tell.

When we supplement it all adult in Q4, IBM had $4.68bn in server sales, down 10.2 per cent, and kick HP for a tip income ranking with a gentle domain as HP’s sales sunk 16 per cent to $3.74bn. (It wasn’t too prolonged ago when HP was on top.)

Dell came in third with a $2.06bn, followed by Oracle with $735.4m, down usually 8.7 per cent. If we assume that all that is not Sparc/Solaris from Oracle is some form of x86-based Exadata, Exalogic, or Exalytics machine, afterwards a Exa line did utterly good with sales adult 48.4 per cent to $249.6m.

Fujitsu dull out a tip tier server makers with $496.2m in revenues in a fourth quarter, off 11.5 per cent. Other vendors, bolstered by Cisco and a few other players, grew 25 per cent to $2.19bn.

For a full year, companies consumed 9.52 million servers, adult 7 per cent, and that generated $52.8bn in revenues, adult 7.9 per cent.

So what is 2012 going to demeanour like? Probably a lot like 2011, usually with somewhat opposite processor and complement names.

“The opinion for 2012 suggests that expansion will continue,” Hewitt pronounced in a matter concomitant a Gartner server figures. “These increases continue to be buffered by a use of x86 server virtualization to connect earthy machines as they are replaced, though a introduction of new processors from Intel and AMD is approaching to assistance fuel and trigger a new turn of server deputy cycles.” ®

Dell Expands Award-Winning ProSupport to Cover More Brands and Countries

ROUND ROCK, Texas, Feb 23, 2012 (BUSINESS WIRE) –
–Support now extends over x86 to cover UNIX(R), networking and storage from Cisco(R), Fujitsu(R), HP(R), IBM(R), NetApp(R), Sun(R) and more

–Services stretched globally to countries in Latin America, Europe and Asia

To assistance business residence a inefficiencies and mislaid costs of managing
mixed support vendors, Dell ProSupport
for Multivendor has been globally stretched over x86 to embody support
for storage, networking and UNIX products. This enlargement also includes
support for additional vendors for servers, desktops and laptops. By
consolidating support underneath one use provider, business can ensure
unchanging processes and revoke a resources compulsory to conduct complex
services contracts from mixed vendors, eventually simplifying IT
government and shortening their IT costs.

“Our business rest on a expertise, tellurian network and 24×7
accessibility of Dell ProSupport for their Dell systems and can now
knowledge those same advantages opposite their whole environment,” said
Doug Schmitt, clamp president, Dell Services. “With a latest expansion
of Dell ProSupport for Multivendor, business around a universe can rely
on Dell for all of their support needs. From end-user systems to complex
information centers and all in between, business will save time and
income and accept a same award-winning support they’ve come to expect
from Dell ProSupport.”

This enlargement of Dell ProSupport for Multivendor
includes coverage for thousands of systems from vendors such as HP,
Cisco, NetApp, IBM, Sun, Toshiba(R), and more.

According to Rob Addy, a Research Director with Gartner, “The transition
to Integrated Infrastructure Support (IIS) services (AKA Multi-Vendor
Services (MVS)) is undeniable. Many finish user organizations are actively
looking to connect their hardware upkeep arrangements to
grasp a singular indicate of hit and comprehend assets associated to
economies of scale, use turn rationalisation and reduced contract
government overheads.”

Customers accept 24x7x365 phone support, escalation government and
collaborative support leveraging Dell’s tellurian ProSupport infrastructure
of some-more than 30,000 technicians ancillary some-more than 100 countries in 55
languages. Prior to this expansion, Dell ProSupport for Multivendor has
supposing support for x86 systems from HP, IBM, Lenovo and Acer in North
America, South America, Europe, and Asia.

About DELL

Dell Inc.


/quotes/zigman/27952/quotes/nls/dell DELL
+0.34%



listens to business and delivers innovative
record and services that give them a energy to do more. Dell
Services develops and delivers a extensive apartment of services and
solutions in applications, business process, consulting, infrastructure
and support to assistance business succeed. Learn some-more at
www.dell.com .

Dell and ProSupport are trademarks of Dell Inc. Dell disclaims any
exclusive seductiveness in a outlines and names of others.

SOURCE: Dell Inc.



        
        Dell Inc. 
        Media Contact: 
        Corie Pierce, 972-577-3430 
        corie_pierce@dell.com 
        or 
        Industry Analyst Contact: 
        Scott Greenwald, 972-577-5942 
        scott_greenwald@dell.com
        


Copyright Business Wire 2012

/quotes/zigman/27952/quotes/nls/dell



Add DELL to portfolio

DELL

Damballa Now Protects Over 125 Million Endpoint Devices opposite Cyber Threats

ATLANTA, Feb 22, 2012 (BUSINESS WIRE) –
Damballa Inc., a association transforming a quarrel opposite cyber threats,
announced that a advanced
hazard showing solutions are now safeguarding some-more than 125 million
endpoint inclination worldwide. In addition, 2011 was a record year for the
association in terms of income expansion and new patron acquisition.

Damballa network confidence solutions yield insurance opposite targeted, zero-day
and modernized malware threats for some of a largest enterprise
networks, and heading telecommunications and Internet use providers
(ISPs) around a world. It is a usually modernized hazard protection
resolution that protects any form of network-connected device including
servers, PCs, Macs, Unix, iPads, smartphones and embedded systems.

“2011 noted a duration of extensive expansion and fulfilment for
Damballa,” pronounced Val Rahmani, CEO, Damballa. “Damballa income some-more than
doubled in 2011 while we confirmed a patron renovation rate of 100
percent. Our business tell us that a reason they invested in Damballa
is a ability to learn a different hazard – threats that have evaded
all other confidence measures. And they are stating a clever lapse on
their Damballa investment by shortening their altogether cost of threat
find and occurrence response, while they quick brand and
cancel rapist activity before it can do harm. It is sparkling that
we are now safeguarding some-more than 125 million inclination worldwide.”

“The mobile and bring-your-own-device (BYOD) marketplace is changing a game
in craving network confidence and is pushing a lot of seductiveness in
Damballa network confidence solutions,” combined Rahmani. “Our singular ability
to learn modernized threats on any device form is something our
business find really compelling.”

In serve to a record year of expansion and patron acquisition, in 2011
Damballa achieved a following:


Received a Frost
Sullivan’s 2011 Product Innovation Award in Cyber Threat Protection.


Delivered a many poignant product recover for protecting
craving networks from modernized threats, Damballa
Failsafe 5.0, adding real-time investigate of questionable binaries as
another square of justification to assistance brand targeted and zero-day
threats.


Completed investigate projects that resulted in 4 additional
patents-pending.


Recognized by Gartner in a new network confidence difficulty — Advanced
Threat Detection/Protection.


Damballa was Named
one of “Atlanta’s Best Places to Work” by a Atlanta
Business Chronicle for a second year in a row.


Named
a Top 10 Innovative Technology Company in Georgia, by the
Technology Association of Georgia.


Received
$12 million in new equity appropriation to serve extend a technology
care position and gain on flourishing tellurian demand.


CEO Val Rahmani was named Atlanta
Telecom Professional of a Year by a Association of Telecom
Professionals.


Vice President of Research Gunter Ollmann was named to a Board of
newly re-branded M(3)AAWG,
a Mobile, Malware and Messaging Anti-Abuse Working Group (previously
famous as MAAWG).


Principal Scientist Manos Antonakakis was a featured orator during a 20th
Annual USENIX Security Symposium.


Senior Threat Researcher Sean Bodmer briefed
Congress on stream threats to U.S. Cyberspace.

“Damballa is capitalizing on quick flourishing marketplace seductiveness by doubling
a distance of a sales force and adding vital partners to assistance meet
demand,” resolved Rahmani. “Just recently, we have assimilated army with
dual of a premier record consulting firms to yield licensed
record to perform network confidence health checks and post-breach
assessments. With a record duration of expansion and poignant advances in
a product and hazard investigate capabilities and innovations, Damballa
is clearly positioned as a personality in a quick flourishing marketplace of
modernized hazard protection.”

About Damballa

Damballa is a colonize in a quarrel opposite cybercrime. Damballa provides
a usually network confidence resolution that detects a remote control
communication that criminals use to crack networks to take corporate
information and egghead property, and control espionage or other
fake transactions. Patent-pending solutions from Damballa protect
networks with any form of server or endpoint device including PCs, Macs,
Unix, iPads, smartphones and embedded systems. Damballa customers
embody mid-size and vast enterprises that paint each major
market, telecommunications and Internet use providers, universities,
and supervision agencies. Privately held, Damballa is headquartered in
Atlanta.

http://www.damballa.com

SOURCE: Damballa Inc.



        
        Damballa Inc. 
        Ann Conrad, 404-961-7402 
        press@damballa.com 
        or 
        Schwartz MSL 
        Bill Keeler/Davida Dinerman, 781-684-0770 
        damballa@schwartzmsl.com
        


Copyright Business Wire 2012

IDAutomation Interleaved 2 of 5 Font

The CNET Download.com Installer is a little ad-supported stub installer or “download manager” that helps firmly broach your downloads from Download.com’s servers. We also embody offers for delicately screened program that complies with Download.com Software Policies as partial of the Installer process. Learn more

Apple to drop in-house X11 support and more in Mountain Lion

Apple’s upcoming release of OS X 10.8 Mountain Lion will include a number of services from Apple’s iOS such as notifications, reminders, notes, and Game Center; however, coupled with this focus on its own services, Apple is moving away from its support of Java and X11.

When Apple introduced OS X, it was exploring where the new OS would take the
Mac platform. In doing so, and to promote development and compatibility for its OS, Apple included support for a number of popular existing technologies that were appealing to developers. A couple of these were its Unix underpinnings and inclusion of a Java runtime, making it compatible with a plethora of existing Unix and Java tools.

Along with the new OS, Apple promoted its native Cocoa development environment, but also included a library of programming tools called Carbon that allowed older code built for the Classic Mac OS (version 8 and 9) to be easily ported to the new OS.

Over the years of its development, Apple implemented a few other compatibility environments, including “Classic” emulation, which launched OS 9 within OS X to allow nonported Classic programs to run; the X11 windowing system to bring even more Unix-based programs to the Mac; and when the Intel transition occurred, Apple provided Rosetta to allow PowerPC applications to continue working.

As OS X matured and Apple’s Cocoa development tools established themselves, Apple began progressively moving away from in-house support for its compatibility layers. With the release of OS X 10.5 Apple shelved the Classic emulation environment, and in OS X 10.7 Apple removed Java from being included in the OS, though makes it available as an on-demand download should a user need it. Additionally, Apple announced it will be stopping its own in-house Java runtime and rely on Oracle or other third parties to provide a compatible runtime for use on OS X (similar to how Java is done on other platforms).


When you run a program that requires X11, OS X will prompt you to install the X11 system. Clicking “Install” will take you to the XQuartz Web page where you can download the latest developed version of X11 for OS X.

(Credit:
Screenshot by Topher Kessler)

With the release of OS X Mountain Lion, Apple’s inclusion of the X11 windowing system in its OS will also be halted. As with Java, instead of releasing an in-house version of the X11 system, Apple will be relying on the separate XQuartz development team to keep a stable version of the X11 windowing system available for OS X. When you open a program that requires X11, the Mac will give you a notification and a link to the XQuartz project Web site so you can download the latest version of X11 for your system.

Given Apple’s move from Java and PowerPC support, this development with X11 does not come as a surprise, but people might wonder what it means for their systems. If you are wondering what X11 is, then as with the vast majority of Mac users you will not see any difference by this development. Most consumer applications use Apple’s Aqua interface for managing windows and window elements, and those that require X11 or which run in Java usually are specialized technical programs.

For troubleshooting OS X, it sometimes helps to have a secondary command line utility besides Apple’s Terminal for accessing the system’s underpinnings, and X11 provides this with its XTerm tool; however, this is usually just a minor side benefit. If you need or wish to have a Terminal alternative, you can always download X11 or another third-party tool.

This development in the Mac OS with Mountain Lion does not just stop with X11. According to MacNN, Apple will also be dropping support for some of its Carbon APIs used to run older Classic Mac OS code in OS X.

These efforts seem overall to be a push for developers to write programs in Apple’s preferred Cocoa programming environment, rather than relying on older technologies and merely tweaking existing code to run in the new OS. This might cause some concern for end users who still use programs based on the older code set; however, despite the potential for problems, this pushes developers to keep their programs updated, which overall may be a good thing for the end user.

Apple’s multiple compatibility layers has made some developers lazy; instead of updating their programs to work well and efficiently in OS X, they have relied on tweaking older code to keep it running. This has resulted in programs running slowly and being limited in function, and also has resulted in frustration for end users when programs have not been updated. One prime example of this was Quicken 2007 no longer working when Apple dropped Rosetta support in Lion, primarily because Intuit relied on Rosetta and did not update its code.

In classic Apple style, the company is continuing to narrow its focus and support to select areas of development, and encouraging developers to jump onboard its bandwagon so programs will run more efficiently with the OS and the services that Apple provides in its products. This will greatly increase the potential for end users to have far more seamless workflows, even if they choose not to use Apple’s services.

Luckily, even though X11 will no longer be included in OS X, as with the similar move with Java (and even Rosetta in Snow Leopard), Apple is not shutting it out. While the technology will not be included with the OS, by linking to the XQuartz development page, Apple will be offering people who need X11 a quick way to install it if they open a program that requires it.

This means it will require an extra step or two to get X11 running in OS X; however, as with the move with Java, this shift does a couple of things that might be beneficial for people who use these technologies:

  1. Security
    The minimization of the number of runtimes and execution environments will reduce the possibilities for untested or even malicious software to run, giving tools like Apple’s GateKeeper and XProtect technologies a greater chance at protecting OS X.
  2. Keep users up-to-date
    Supporting these technologies with in-house development means Apple often resorts to using older versions in its releases, which resulted in users having to wait for the latest features. Relying on separate developers to keep the technologies going ensures that people who need them will have a better option for getting the latest technologies without waiting for Apple. The one caveat here is that new releases might have compatibility bugs that users might have to contend with, but hopefully this will be a minimal occurrence.


Questions? Comments? Have a fix? Post them below or e-mail us!
Be sure to check us out on Twitter and the CNET Mac forums.

froglogic Releases Code Coverage Tool – Squish Coco

froglogic, famous for a marketplace leading, cross-platform GUI exam automation apparatus Squish, has now extended a collection charity to embody Squish Coco, a cross-platform formula coverage solution.

Squish Coco is formed on a mature and widely used collection grown for a TestCocoon project. froglogic has also hired TestCocoon’s initiator and lead programmer to safeguard smoothness and peculiarity for Squish Coco’s ongoing development. And, of course, Squish Coco is corroborated by a clever and arguable businessman eminent for a glorious support.

“Code coverage is one of a many requested facilities that Squish GUI Tester users ask for. This isn’t startling given formula coverage research creates it probable to rarely optimize contrast and to magnitude a peculiarity of a exam campaign. So we are unequivocally vehement to be means to offer Squish Coco as a new further to a Squish exam automation tools.” – Harri Porten, froglogic’s CTO and co-CEO.

“In sequence to safeguard a peculiarity of a possess products, we have implemented a high grade of build and exam automation into a growth processes. Over a years we looked during a far-reaching operation of formula coverage collection acid for one that would assistance yield continued research and optimization of a testing. The usually apparatus that met all a mandate was TestCocoon—now accessible as a entirely upheld Squish Coco. Given a prolonged hunt and difficult mandate we am assured that this mature and absolute apparatus will be welcomed by a customers” – Rainer Schmid, froglogic’s automation lead.

If we are meddlesome in evaluating Squish Coco, greatfully revisit a product research form during froglogic.com/evaluate and name Squish Coco as a product. For use in non-commercial projects, such as Open Source and educational University projects, a giveaway Squish Coco Non-Commercial Edition is accessible during froglogic.com/.

For additional questions, greatfully hit sales[.]froglogic.com.

About Squish Coco
Squish Coco is a finish formula coverage apparatus sequence for C and C++ applications that can run on Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, and Unix. Squish Coco provides a coupling for customary compilers (including GCC and Visual Studio) that instruments a source formula that a compiler sees (without touching a strange code). If a instrumented application’s exam apartment is run a focus will news all kinds of useful information, including:

- Dead (never executed) code.
- Optimal exam execution sequence so as to maximize a altogether exam coverage for any run.
- Redundant tests.
- Untested code.

In addition, Squish Coco can review dual opposite versions of an focus (e.g., stream and claimant releases) to see what effects their differences have on their tests and exam coverage.

Squish Coco can be used during each theatre of contrast and in and with each kind of contrast process (unit tests, programmed tests, primer tests, etc.), and can collect and combine opposite tests’ execution reports to support modernized analysis.

Squish Coco consists of dual collection and an discretionary add-on:
- CoverageScanner: this apparatus analyzes and instruments C and C++ applications.
- CoverageBrowser: this apparatus provides an easy to use GUI that can conduct and arrangement a coverage research results.
- An discretionary Microsoft Visual Studio add-on, that can beget formula coverage configurations for C and C++ projects directly from inside a Visual Studio IDE.

Squish Coco supports a following kinds of coverage:
- Condition coverage
- Condition/decision coverage
- Decision coverage
- Function coverage
- Statement coverage.

About froglogic
froglogic GmbH (froglogic.com) is a program association formed in Hamburg, Germany with additional offices in a USA and UK with ca. 1,500 business world-wide. froglogic is famous for a programmed contrast apartment Squish with a flagship product Squish GUI Tester, a market-leading programmed contrast apparatus for GUI applications formed on Qt, Java AWT/Swing and SWT/RCP, Mac OS X Carbon/Cocoa, Windows MFC, .NET and WPF, iOS CocoaTouch and for HTML/Ajax-based web applications using in a accumulation of web browsers. In addition, froglogic’s charity now includes a professional, cross-platform C and C++ Code Coverage apparatus Squish Coco.

Damballa Honored with Frost & Sullivan 2011 New Product Innovation Award for …

“Our ability to relate mixed behavioral indicators to fast and accurately pinpoint dark infections is desolate in a market,” pronounced Stephen Newman, clamp boss of product supervision for Damballa. “Due to a programmed inlet of a resolution and a speed during that we detect modernized threats, a business are shortening a cost of their altogether showing and remediation efforts while responding fast and effectively to network threats as they emerge.”

About Damballa

Damballa is a colonize in a quarrel opposite cybercrime. Damballa provides a usually network confidence resolution that detects a remote control communication that criminals use to crack networks to take corporate information and egghead property, and control espionage or other fake transactions. Patent-pending solutions from Damballa strengthen networks with any form of server or endpoint device including PCs, Macs, Unix, iPads, smartphones and embedded systems. Damballa business embody mid-size and vast enterprises that paint each vital market, telecommunications and Internet use providers, universities and supervision agencies. Privately held, Damballa is headquartered in Atlanta. http://www.damballa.com

10 Most Popular Programming Languages

2. C

What is it?

C, a ubiquitous purpose programming denunciation built by Dennis Ritchie when he was a partial of Bell Telephone labs, is a drum of C++ and other programming languages. It was built to work with a Unix handling system.

Why is it important?

C is one of a many widely used programming languages of all time, and ranked second on a list. “Learning C is crucial. Once we learn C, creation a burst to Java or C# is sincerely easy, since a lot of a syntax is common. Also, a lot of C syntax is used in scripting languages,” Wayne Duqaine, executive of Software Development during Grandview Systems, of Sebastopol, Calif., told eWEEK.

The stories behind a few O’Reilly "classics"

This post creatively seemed in Tim O’Reilly’s Google+ feed.

It’s extraordinary to me how books we initial published some-more than 20 years ago are still formulating value for readers. O’Reilly Media is regulating an ebook sale for some of a “classics.”

Vi and Vim” is an updated book of a book we initial published in 1986! Linda Lamb was a strange author; we was a editor, and combined utterly a bit of element of my own. (In those days, being a “editor” for us unequivocally meant being ghostwriter and closet co-author.) we still use and adore vi/vim.

DNS and Bind” has an engaging behind story too. In a late ’80s or early ’90s, we was looking for an author for a book on smail, a new aspirant to sendmail that seemed to me to have some promise. we found Cricket Liu, and he said, “what we unequivocally wish to write a book about is Bind and a Domain Name System. Trust me, it’s some-more critical than smail.” The Internet was only bursting over a educational roots (we were still regulating UUCP!), nonetheless we did trust him. We published a initial book in 1992, and it’s been a bestseller ever since.

Unix in a Nutshell” was arguably a really initial book. we combined a initial book in 1984 for a long-defunct workstation association called Masscomp; we afterwards protected it to other companies, bettering it for their variants of Unix. In 1986, we published a open book in dual versions: System V and BSD. The strange editions were desirous by a outrageous male page support sets that vendors were shipping during a time: we wanted to have something accessible to demeanour adult command-line options, bombard syntax, unchanging countenance syntax, sed and awk authority syntax, and even things like a ascii impression set.

The books were tolerably successful until we attempted a cost dump from a strange $19.50 to $9.95 as an experiment, with a offered title “Man bites dog.” we told people we’d try a new cost for 6 months, and if it doubled sales, we’d keep it. Instead, a huge value tender increasing sales literally by an sequence of magnitude. At a book’s peak, we were offered tens of thousands of copies a month.

Every other “in a nutshell” book we published subsequent from this one, a product line that collectively sole millions of copies, and helped put O’Reilly on a map.

Essential System Administration” is another book that dates behind to a early days as a support consulting company. we wrote a initial book of this book for Masscomp in 1984; it competence good be a initial Unix complement administration book ever written. we had only created a graphics programming primer for Masscomp, and was looking for another project. we said, “When any of us have any problems with a machines, we go to Tom Texeira. Where are a business going to go?” So we interviewed Tom, and wrote down what he knew. (That was a start of so many of a early books — and a start of a thought of “capturing a believe of innovators.”)

I acquired a rights behind from Masscomp, and protected a book to a association called Multiflow, where Mike Loukides ran a support department. Mike updated a book. Æleen Frisch, who was operative for Mike, did nonetheless another book for Multiflow, and when a association went swell up, we acquired behind a softened chronicle (and hired Mike as a initial editor besides me and Dale). He sealed Æleen to rise it as a most some-more extensive book, that has been in imitation ever since.

Sed and Awk” has a humorous backstory too. It was one of a titles that desirous a strange animal designs. Edie Freedman suspicion Unix module names sounded like uncanny animals, and this was one of a titles she chose to make a cover for, even nonetheless a book didn’t exist yet. We’d hear for years that people knew it existed — they’d seen it. Dale Dougherty eventually sat down and wrote it, mostly since he desired awk nonetheless also only to prove those business who only knew it existed.

(Here’s a brief story of how Edie came adult with a thought for a animal book covers.)

And afterwards there’s “Unix Power Tools.” In a late ’80s, Dale had detected hypertext around Hypercard, and when he detected Viola and a World Wide Web, that became his focus. We had created a book called “Unix Text Processing” together, and we was anticipating to captivate him behind to essay another book that exercised a hypertext character of a web, nonetheless in print. Dale was operative on GNN by that time and couldn’t be lured onto a project, nonetheless we was carrying so most fun that we kept going.

I recruited Jerry Peek and Mike Loukides to a project. It was a conspicuous book both in being crowdsourced — we collected element from existent O’Reilly books, from saved Usenet posts, and from tips submitted by business — and in being cross-linked like a web. Jerry built some good collection that authorised us to allot any essay a singular ID, that we could cross-reference by ID in a text. As we rearranged a outline, a cross-references would automatically be updated. (It was all finished with bombard scripts, sed, and awk.)

Lots some-more in this outing down memory lane. But a fact is we’ve kept a books alive, kept updating them, and they are still selling, and still assisting people do their jobs, decades later. It’s something that creates me proud.

See comments and join a review about this subject during Google+.

Red Hat attacks cloud-app gap

Red Hat’s new practical storage apparatus takes aim during a gnarled problem for IT shops: Taking old-but-still-running bequest applications to Amazon’s open cloud.


When companies put workloads into Amazon Web Services (AWS), it’s customarily all about new applications — comparison applications contingency be architected for a cloud and many companies won’t bother.

The Red Hat Virtual Storage Appliance for Amazon Web Services – formed on Gluster record — adds POSIX compliance. That means that it can take on bequest Unix applications. (POSIX is a customary that governs how applications and handling systems interact, assuring that an focus created for one POSIX OS will run on other POSIX OSes. Most Unix applications are POSIX-compliant.)

“The cloud has not been POSIX agreeable — AWS, ATT, Microsoft are all good cloud companies though these comparison applications contingency be rewritten to use these clouds,” pronounced Tom Trainer, storage product selling manager during Red Hat.

The NAS apparatus lets companies total their Amazon Elastic Block Storage (EBS) and Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) instances into a virtualized storage pool that can hoop even these bequest Unix applications, Red Hat said. For this Red Hat-branded release, it also subbed in Red Hat Enterprise Linux for Centos as a core handling system. (Red Hat bought Gluster in October.)

Not all Unix is a same

But there is bequest and afterwards there is legacy.  Red Hat is articulate here usually of Intel-based Unix applications, not Unix applications that run on RISC systems–which tend to be older. While newer web-centric companies might not see a need for this capability, there are still tons of these Unix applications using workloads, pronounced Bernd Harzog, principal researcher with The Virtualization Practice. “The commissioned bottom of Unix servers opposite Solaris, HP-UX, and AIX on non-Intel platforms is massive. None of that things goes to a cloud easily,” he said.

Moving existent comparison applications to AWS will come down to a cost-benefit analysis, concluded Forrester Research researcher Vanessa Alvarez. “If Red Hat can make it easier, that’s great, though it depends on either it creates mercantile clarity to do so. Is it going to be apparatus complete to pierce these apps or to re-architect them to fit a cloud? Or are organizations looking to pierce divided from these apps [altogether]?” she asked.

Other companies are aggressive a problem as well. This week startup Pneuron announced a take on a charge of fluctuating a viable life of bequest applications to a cloud — nonetheless a bid appears to be some-more focused on private cloud platforms.

Given Red Hat’s care in craving Linux, it creates clarity for it to assistance business some-more gracefully pierce their applications and extend their information core to a open cloud. Whether indeed doing so creates clarity will change by customer.

Feature print courtesy of Flickr user vaxomatic

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