Hurd mentality

Alastair Otter is a comparison publisher during MyBroadband, and focuses on program and hardware. He has a sold adore for Open Source Software (OSS)…

It’s taken some-more than 25 years to rise though a Hurd handling complement might shortly be released.

It’s been some-more than 25 years in a creation and nonetheless many people have never listened of it. Now a Free Software Foundation’s Hurd handling complement might finally get to uncover what it has to offer.

A tiny history: decades ago Richard Stallman began work on a totally giveaway (as in freedom) Unix-like handling system. Frustrated by a increasingly exclusive program universe around him, Stallman set about to rewrite a collection and applications that done adult a standard Unix handling system.

To his credit he worked tirelessly over a years and grown a outrageous volume of software. The customarily problem was that he didn’t have a kernel, a bit that runs during a heart of an handling complement and coordinates all a collection and applications.

Stallman had started building a heart for his handling complement that he called Hurd, though it was never utterly finished.

Fortunately, totally exclusively of Stallman, Linus Torvalds had grown a Linux heart while during Helsinki university. Torvalds had a heart and Stallman many of a applications, that done for a healthy relationship. The outcome was Linux (or GNU/Linux as Stallman prefers job it).

Motivated by his passion for genuine giveaway software, Stallman never gave adult on his dream of finishing Hurd and formulating his wholly giveaway handling complement and continued to work on it. Now it looks approaching that he might nonetheless grasp that.

In a posting on a GNU Hurd website progressing this month, a Hurd growth group pronounced that it has done poignant swell on a handling system. So many so that it pronounced that there was “a genuine devise to recover a Hurd various of Debian with their subsequent vital release, Wheezy”.

Debian is a village grown chronicle of Linux that is many closely aligned with Stallman’s ideals as it rejects program that is not totally free.

Debian is also scandalous for customarily arising new releases when everybody is satisfied. Which customarily means new releases are mostly behind good over their approaching date. Nevertheless, Debian’s Wheezy recover is approaching in late 2012 or 2013 and is approaching to embody a Hurd version.

GNU Hurd Screenshot

That doesn’t meant users can’t already try out a exam chronicle of Hurd to see what swell has been made. GNU Hurd’s Samuel Thibault has constructed a Debian GNU Hurd CD set that includes a graphical installer. That picture can be downloaded for contrast now. There is also a prepared practical picture that can be used for simple testing.

Alternatively a Debian plan has set adult a dedicated territory on a site to understanding with Debian/Hurd issues. There are instructions on that page to assistance users implement Debian Hurd for a initial time.

Hurd is doubtful to reinstate Linux, or any other OS, in a nearby future, though after 25 years of growth it is positively a step forward, no matter how small.

Tags: Debian, GNU, Headline, Hurd, Linux, Richard Stallman

JavaScript: One denunciation to order them all

The Internet is about to strike a fourth vital change in server architecture.

The early days were powered by elementary Perl applications. As a dotcom hit, Java focus servers using on highend UNIX machines powered a infancy of a web and combined a multibillion dollar per year industry. In a 2000s, scripting languages such as PHP and Ruby using on cloud formed Linux infrastructure have spawned vast expansion during companies like Rackspace and Amazon with a Amazon Web Services service. Each of these shifts in server design brought larger efficiencies and a ability to some-more low broach some-more worldly Internet services. We are now on a verge of attack another rhythm indicate with JavaScript using on a server.

JavaScript came onto a stage in 1995 as a browser denunciation in Netscape’s Navigator browser and was essentially used to exercise elementary user interface elements such as menus. With a call of Web 2.0 companies building out JavaScript libraries such as jQuery and several HTML5 extensions of late, JavaScript is apropos increasingly worldly and means of delivering rarely interactive web and mobile-optimized sites allied to Flash sites. As websites turn some-more and some-more interactive, an augmenting volume of business proof and information estimate is starting to occur in a browser with JavaScript rather than on a server.

The flourishing adult of JavaScript is heading to a collision of sorts between a customer and a server. Why use one scripting denunciation on a client, and afterwards a opposite scripting denunciation on a server? PHP and Ruby programmers are constantly boldly building DOMs, a request intent indication for a browser page that JavaScript inherently understands. Programmers also have to renovate information in and out of JSON (the JavaScript Object Notation) so that it can be accepted by browsers. All of this work translating between languages causes errors and bugs, and army nonessential communication between front-end and back-end developers. Each denunciation has it stakeholders claiming improved frameworks and whathaveyou, though during some indicate a pain of interpretation outweighs these benefits. Especially when we cruise that JavaScript programmers are widely available, and Ruby programmers are probably unfit to find.

Imagine if we were building a residence and a architects spoke usually Japanese and a builders spoke usually French. There is a lot of time and appetite spent doing communication and regulating miscommunication between a dual parties. The same problems occur when we use dual opposite languages to build a web application.

Even worse, when formula is written, programmers have to confirm possibly it is going to run on a browser or on a server. Things as elementary as validating a phone series need to be motionless before a programmer can start, and be reserved to possibly a front-end JavaScript programmers or a back-end PHP, Java or Ruby programmers. Once a formula is written, if for whatever reason it needs to be changed from customer to server or clamp versa, it needs to be rewritten from scratch.

The crevasse between customer and server is even starting to strike vast corporate websites that have hardly budged toward scripting languages from Java. When we go to your bank’s website or favorite e-commerce website, chances are that it looks and works really many like it did 10 years ago. This is given many companies perform all of a estimate of a website on their servers. When we click on something on a webpage, it goes to a server, that creates a whole new webpage and sends it to your browser. While this is not a many fit approach to offer a website, it is really a many fit approach to emanate a website inside a corporation, given a programmers do not have to learn all a intricacies of a several browsers and can simply module in Java, a adored denunciation for corporate websites.

The remarkable majority of mobile and inscription inclination has combined a remarkable detonation in a approach that companies offer their websites. It is really delayed and unwieldy to totally modernise a web page each time a user does something on a phone with a comparatively delayed web browser and connection. Now corporate web applications need to be upgraded to HTML5 and be means to refurbish themselves dynamically, only like a complicated web applications offering by Google and all of a Web 2.0 startups.

There have been several attempts to productize JavaScript on a server over a years. Netscape acquired LiveWire’s JavaScript server and shipped it in 1996 though afterwards fast transposed it with a Java and C++ formed Kiva Application Server in 1998. Aptana attempted to yield hosted JavaScript servers and finished adult offered a growth collection to Appcelerator.

Over a past integrate of years, a new multiply of JavaScript servers have taken reason and are starting to get poignant traction. An open source JavaScript server called node.js is apropos increasingly renouned generally for communication servers and removing a lot of geek and startup love. Last year, Sequoia invested in Sencha, a association focused on JavaScript customer libraries that has also finished work on node.js.

It all creates clarity when we consider about it. It took many years for scripting languages to be deliberate critical web languages and for poignant customer proof to be implemented on a browser. But now this is a normal approach to emanate an Internet application. Why formula in dual opposite scripting languages, one on a customer and one on a server? It’s time for one denunciation to order them all.

Peter Yared is a VP/GM of Social at Webtrends. He has founded 4 e-commerce and selling infrastructure companies that were acquired by Sun, VMware, TigerLogic and Webtrends. You can follow him at @peteryared.

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2011 CIO 100: How Three Companies Are Using IT to Rethink Consumer Services

Security‚ÄÇMoving income from a personal investment comment can be a formidable routine involving trips to a bank, fees and paper forms designed to safeguard correspondence with regulations. And it can be full of stress, since such exchange mostly start during a life milestone, such as retirement.

The Vanguard Group, that offers consumers retirement, college assets and other investment accounts, has simplified this multistep transaction routine regulating biometric voice-verification software. The project, that warranted a CIO 100 Award, lets business entrance their accounts and finish exchange over a phone, regulating their voices as passwords. “The ultimate confidence magnitude is something we are,” says Vanguard CIO Paul Heller. “Voice is indeed a many secure” form of identification, he adds, since any person’s voiceprint is unique.

John Marcante, an executive with Vanguard’s sell services group, says exchange that once took 3 weeks can now be finished in 3 minutes. Previously, Vanguard employees would indicate and determine paperwork for 96 forms of transactions. That routine requires a phone conversation. Now 70 percent of exchange can be finished regulating biometric authentication.

The complement uses program from Nuance that captures individuals’ outspoken inflections and other details, creation it some-more secure than a plain recording. To enroll in a service, business call Vanguard’s 800 series and record a phrase, “At Vanguard, my voice is my password.” The corroboration complement captures 3 voice samples and sends a patron a acknowledgment email. When a patron clicks on a couple in a email, a use is activated. The routine takes about a minute. The use is accessible on mobile or landline telecommunications networks, yet Vanguard hopes to offer it for VoIP calls as well.

Vanguard is rolling out a corroboration complement to a high-net-worth business this year and will offer it to all business in 2012. Marcante says teamwork between IT and business leaders done a plan successful. Vanguard had tested biometrics a decade ago, though a undo between IT, investigate and business leaders was too good for a plan to pierce forward. Marcante says this time, Vanguard satisfied that “innovation comes from an overlie of mixed disciplines.”

No Line during a Register

Mobile Devices‚ÄÇTo assuage prolonged lines on crazy selling days like Black Friday, CIO 100 leader Gap deployed a iPod Touch as a mobile indicate of sale (POS) complement in some-more than 100 Old Navy stores. Using a devices, employees can ring adult sell from anywhere in a store.

By formulating an additional register when a unchanging ones are occupied, Gap says a iPod Touch will revoke a series of business who desert their purchases when lines are too long. The device connects to a store’s POS complement to demeanour adult sell and prices, control credit label exchange and routine present label purchases. The inclination can be connected to bar formula scanners to indicate sell tags, and to wireless printers to yield receipts.

Skybot Scheduler Adds Getting Started Tools

Posted on: Friday, 22 Jul 2011, 00:00 CDT

Skybot Software, a Help/Systems, LLC company, announces a recover of Skybot Scheduler 2.1, a newest chronicle of a Web-based craving scheduler and effort automation resolution for Windows, UNIX (Solaris, AIX, HP-UX), and Linux servers.

Eden Prairie, MN (PRWEB) Jul 21, 2011

Skybot Software, a Help/Systems, LLC company, announces a recover of Skybot Scheduler 2.1, a newest chronicle of a Web-based craving scheduler and effort automation resolution for Windows, UNIX (Solaris, AIX, HP-UX), and Linux servers.

Skybot Scheduler 2.1 includes a new Getting Started territory on a home page to let users permit a product, set adult connected servers, emanate new jobs, configure their email server, and see a standing of their craving from one page. The recover also includes mixed enhancements to a designation routine for AIX and Linux horde and representative servers.

Skybot Scheduler provides collection to conduct tasks and processes opposite multi-platform enterprises. Skybot Software is ceaselessly adding new facilities and enhancing existent functionality for Skybot Scheduler. Recent new facilities embody Job Flow Diagrams, Dashboard, reports, and forecasts.

To a Editor:

Skybot Software provides program solutions for craving systems. For some-more information, revisit a website during, or hit Tom Huntington during (952) 746-4780 or tom.huntington(at)helpsystems(dot)com.

© Help/Systems, LLC. All trademarks and purebred trademarks are a skill of their particular owners.

For a strange chronicle on PRWeb visit:

Source: prweb

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Heartland takes campus copy to a cloud

Heartland Payment Systems announced a latest charity for aloft preparation institutions with a entrance of WĒPA. Employing cloud computing, WĒPA is designed to discharge an institution’s coherence on apparatus purchases or leases, hardware and program licenses and upkeep and server formation fees.

The University of West Florida is operative with Heartland to implement WĒPA on a campus. Kiosks will be accessible during several locations opposite campus, including a UWF Student Center, libraries, mechanism labs, chateau halls and classrooms.

With WĒPA, students can upload papers for copy wherever Internet use is supposing and afterwards imitation them during WĒPA kiosks, that can be placed anywhere on campus to accommodate a needs of a propagandize community. And when not in use for printing, a kiosks also double as a campus communications apparatus Рdisplaying announcements, puncture notifications/alerts, sporting eventuality schedules and other forms of promotion.

WĒPA supports mixed platforms including Windows, Mac, Linux and UNIX, and offers students a choice to imitation their papers in black and white or color, as good as double-sided prints.  

Lion yawns

THE latest iteration of Apple’s handling complement refurbish bores rather than roars, though maybe that’s a good thing. Dubbed “Lion”, it is a eighth vital recover in Apple’s decade-plus welcome of Unix. It’s a mature OS and so one competence pattern few apparent changes. Lion brings Apple’s desktop closer to a iOS mobile handling complement both in form and function, while a new chronicle of iOS is being finalised for recover in third quarter.

Apple enumerates “250+” new features, but, in a prolonged and degrading traditions of module marketing, that is some-more than a small tendentious: many are associated to any other, have singular application to many users or paint something some-more same to tweaks to mislay teenager quirks and irritations. Some commenters cruise a changes to OS X’s residence book and calendar programs a step retrograde in sophistication and user interface design. Babbage is confounded by a cartoonish communication used for a peer-to-peer simplified record pity called AirDrop: it works well, though looks absurdly out of place.

Instead, many of a upgrades are underneath a bonnet, as with a prior release, Snow Leopard (10.6). Cleaning out crusty formula and speeding adult operations has a some-more poignant outcome on a user’s notice of an handling system’s energy than anything else, including imagination graphical flourishes. Stability, coherence and potency are what maestro users crave; a same traits stir those new to computers.

The marquee features that Apple advertises in Lion are mostly blending from a massively successful iOS, that powers mobile devidces like a iPad, iPhone, and iPod touch. Babbage has watched many people differently unfeeling or actively antagonistic to a mechanism with a rodent or trackpad collect adult an iPhone or iPad and immediately get cracking. The system’s immersive inlet rewards exploration, and requires small reckoning out.

In a same vein, Lion has several programs and changes that nullify a need for someone who never worked in an bureau in a 1960s to navigate by analogies of a knowledge on a computer. Why, in 2011, do we still drag small paper icons onto small folder icons? The speed and palliate of indexing a full essence of files in complicated handling systems should nullify a need for filing. Similarly, treating files, folders, programs and other equipment as a same kind of thing—showing them all as icons within folders or on a desktop—confuses both new and long-time simple users no end.

Lion includes applications called “Launchpad” and “Mission Control” to yield simplified entrance to all during once. Launchpad shows a list of apps that closely resembles a home screens in iOS. Mission Control is distant reduction good suspicion out, mixing a arrangement of all open applications, their particular windows and mixed practical desktop spaces. The reference to rocket scholarship is, unfortunately, apt.

Alongside a streamlined apps are facilities accessible via a interface: multi-touch gestures by a built-in trackpad or outmost Magic Trackpad or Magic Mouse, full-screen applications, involuntary save and involuntary resume. These impersonate a feel of an iOS device but requiring a touchscreen.

In a standard sequence, one competence splash 4 fingers together, and move adult Launchpad. Click an app’s icon‚Äîdon’t double click‚Äîand a module launches. The module fills a screen, stealing a desktop interface as good as windows from any other open programs. Any files open when a app was final quit are reopened. As one works, changes are saved invisibly and frequently. If a energy goes out (or a user restarts a mechanism but quitting any programs) Lion will re-opens all programs and papers formerly in use after it has booted adult again. Another feature, Versions, will also make snapshots of papers in progress, storing them regulating Apple’s Time Machine backup software.

Just as Lion moves closer to iOS, iOS will shortly mostly detach itself from a Macintosh and desktop ecosystem to that it has been tethered given a launch. It stays baffling that Apple’s mobiles contingency be related to a mechanism regulating a duplicate of iTunes in sequence that users might conduct their files. Google got it mostly right, regulating a cloud infrastructure to concede an Android phone to be set adult mostly with a singular login.

iOS 5, announced in Jun alongside Lion, will concede owners to perform all tasks wirelessly, nonetheless a USB fasten will still be accessible for those wish to adhere on to a umbilical. The new iCloud use will be a passage for backups of user information and calendar and hit syncs, as good as storage for third-party apps.

With a cord cut, Apple removes a bar to a adoption of a mobile inclination in rising markets, in that computers might be distant scarcer or too distant out of date to run a latest chronicle of iTunes. In a many new financials call, a organisation spoke during length about expansion in a Chinese market. That is good for Apple, and presumably also good for Chinese consumers. After all, an iPad is cheaper than a required desktop, and could move a comparatively absolute mechanism within strech of those who can't means a some-more normal machine.

Heartland Payment Systems Takes Higher Education Institutions to a Cloud …

Heartland Payment Systems'(R)

/quotes/zigman/381218/quotes/nls/hpy HPY

Campus Solutions(SM) multiplication is pushing efficiencies during higher
preparation institutions national with a introduction of WEPA(TM) —
a wireless copy solution. Cost-effective and turnkey, WEPA
eliminates an institution’s coherence on apparatus purchases/leases,
hardware and module licenses and upkeep and server integration
fees, while charity a tyro village extended preference and
cutting-edge copy technology.

Employing cloud computing, WEPA enables students to upload papers for
copy wherever Internet use is provided. Printing kiosks can be
placed probably anywhere on campus to accommodate a needs of a school
village — students are no longer cramped to mechanism labs or
libraries. Once registered, students simply revisit their elite WEPA
kiosk, record in and name a process of remuneration to imitation their documents.
Supporting mixed platforms (Windows, Mac, Lenox and Unix), WEPA
offers students a choice to imitation their papers in black and white
or color, as good as double-sided prints.

“Given a fast adoption of cloud-based applications and information storage,
we wanted to assistance take campuses to a subsequent turn with cloud-based
copy services. Offering endless advantages to aloft education
institutions, WEPA streamlines operations and decreases costs, while
concurrently delivering extended preference to a tyro body,”
conspicuous Fred Emery, clamp boss and ubiquitous manager of Heartland Campus
Solutions. “We’re anxious to partner with WEPA to offer this advanced
record to campuses opposite a country.”

WEPA kiosks can also double as a campus communications tool. When not in
use for printing, a touchscreen monitors can be used to display
announcements, puncture notifications/alerts, sporting eventuality schedules
and other forms of promotion.

“Research has shown that a pivotal hurdles confronting universities today
are saving money, augmenting worker capability and enhancing student
preparation by modernized technologies,” conspicuous Frank Griffith, president
and arch executive officer of WEPA. “WEPA was designed with these
priorities in mind, and it’s been a pleasure to work with companies like
Heartland to assist aloft preparation institutions in streamlining their
operations, shortening costs and improving tyro satisfaction.”

The University of West Florida (UWF) is now operative with Heartland
to exercise WEPA on a campus. Kiosks will be accessible during various
locations opposite campus, including a UWF Student Center, libraries,
mechanism labs, chateau halls and classrooms.

“We are really vehement to be a initial propagandize operative with Heartland to
exercise a WEPA copy system. We trust now is a right time to
exercise such a available resolution that offers peculiarity and speed, and
seamlessly ties in with a university’s sustainability efforts —
charity a ability to duplex print,” conspicuous Joyce Hughes, manager, ID
Card Office of a University of West Florida. “The opportunities WEPA
will yield a students should be zero though positive.”

Offering universities a 100 percent purchasing rebate in printer
hardware and supplies, WEPA requires no apparatus purchases or
installations. The complement also simply integrates with a Heartland
OneCard, a multi-functional campus label module that can be used for
identification, off-campus purchases, financial assist value and
work investigate payments, library checkouts, building/parking access, dining
services and vending — among many other applications.

Heartland Campus Solutions is changing a landscape for academic
institutions national with singular campus label programs,
state-of-the-art entrance control/security systems and cost-effective
payments processing. For some-more information about installing WEPA, please
or call 800.486.4462.

About Heartland Payment Systems

Heartland Payment Systems, Inc.

/quotes/zigman/381218/quotes/nls/hpy HPY

a fifth largest payments processor in a United States, delivers credit/debit/prepaid
label processing, gift
selling and faithfulness programs, payroll,
government and associated business solutions to some-more than 250,000
business locations nationwide. A FORTUNE 1000 company, Heartland
is a first believer of The Merchant Bill of Rights, a public
advocacy beginning that educates merchants about satisfactory credit and debit
label estimate practices. The association is also a personality in the
growth of end-to-end encryption record designed to protect
cardholder data, digest it invalid to cybercriminals. For more
information, greatfully revisit,,

About WEPA

WEPA (pronounced wee-pah) is an acronym for Wireless Everywhere Print
Anywhere. Providing a many extensive, arguable and available cloud
copy network in a world, WEPA enables anyone with an Internet
tie to upload their papers and imitation them anywhere a WEPA
kiosk is located. For some-more information, greatfully revisit

SOURCE: Heartland Payment Systems

        for Heartland Payment Systems 
        Leanne Scott Brown, 610-455-2742 
        Jenna Flanagan, 877-438-9372

Copyright Business Wire 2011


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Intel Fulcrum Acquisition: Good News for HP (and Dell), Not So Much for Cisco

A few years ago, we attended an Intel Labs display and one of a some-more engaging segments was on a record it was sensitively building for vast network switches. Intel argued that it could do to a unequivocally costly and high-margin switch business what it did to UNIX servers over a final dual decades to cut costs dramatically.


Apparently, Intel has now started executing on that plan with a acquisition of Fulcrum Microsystems, a fabless semiconductor and associated program vendor, targeting low-cost, high-performance, high-end switches.

This will be good news for HP, yet bad news for Cisco. Let me explain.

Cisco: The Sun of Switch Vendors

Sun was a large crook in a pierce to x86 and lower-cost servers. It was also a large customer of large-scale UNIX servers that cut into a mainframe and mid-range mechanism marketplace like a prohibited blade by butter. However, ironically, it was IBM, HP and visitor Dell that benefited from a pierce to x86, and Sun initial attempted to quarrel a pierce and then, after it was too late, attempted to welcome it, eventually unwell and being bought by Oracle.

At a core of this problem was a existence that Sun didn’t wish to scapegoat a high-margin products for low-margin competitors and unsuccessful to recognize, until too late, that a association didn’t unequivocally get a vote. The marketplace was relocating with or yet Sun, which, ironically, was a same formidable preference Sun had presented to IBM that contributed to IBM’s eventuality in a late 1980s. (As a side comment, it is unequivocally engaging how a record marketplace repeats cycles and how many record companies provide any identical cycle as if it were a surprisingly new and singular event. Kind of like being astounded when a object comes adult each morning.)

So a cycle we are articulate about here is one where a chip vendor, traditionally Intel (though it is function to some border to Intel by ARM in intelligent devices), comes in and finds a approach to commoditize a high-margin business. The widespread provider stumbles since it can’t adjust to a new lower-margin reality.
Clearly that would harm Cisco, yet because would that assistance HP?

HP’s Advantage

HP might not be alone here, as we design Dell to get on this bandwagon comparatively fast as well. HP is a severe businessman carrying bought 3COM as a response to Cisco’s entering a server business and HP has been slicing into Cisco’s marketplace share and increase significantly. In fact, a coming 6,500 layoffs that Cisco has announced appears to be material repairs from Cisco’s preference to change HP from a partner to a competitor. (Oracle should compensate courtesy as these outcomes tend to come several years after a trigger event.)

HP is already on a commoditization trail and is regulating that as a primary arms opposite Cisco. HP is already a tighten partner with Intel on x86 and Itanium so it wouldn’t be tough for them to welcome this new Fulcrum record fast and even some-more aggressively cut prices in sequence to cut even some-more deeply into Cisco’s marketplace share and profits. Dell is on a identical sum provider trail and it seems expected it will see a blood in a H2O as good and pierce on a event if usually as a rival sidestep opposite HP. But Cisco would be a vastly easier and some-more appealing aim given a relations distance in this market.


The finish result, if Cisco didn’t aggressively pierce on a same event to equivocate Sun’s mistake, would be a vital change in marketplace makeup and power. Though it would be impossibly mocking if Oracle (assuming it is still around) finished adult shopping Cisco during a finish of this cycle as it did Sun, yet we consider that is unlikely.

Wrapping Up

When Intel enters a market, as Sun schooled opposite a vastly weaker Intel, it tends to change a marketplace dynamic. Long-time Intel partners like HP and Dell should advantage from this pierce and a stream widespread player, Cisco, will be put during risk by it. The doubt now is either Cisco has schooled from Sun’s disaster and can equivocate it or either it will repeat a same mistakes. As remarkable above, a engaging thing is that executives don’t seem to wish to learn by examination others and seem to suffer creation these mistakes themselves. That doesn’t bode good for Cisco, yet would be a good benefaction for Intel, HP and Dell presumption I’ve review this right.

Cups 1.5 with new confidence functions

Version 1.5 of a Common Unix Printing System (CUPS) has been released. It is used in a copy routine in Mac OS X and in many Linux distributions and has been mostly driven by Apple, given it acquired a rights to CUPS in 2007.

The CUPS library now offers simple support for SSL/TLS X.509 certificates and an updated PDF filter. For confidence reasons, filters and backends are no longer authorised to have organisation write privileges. The new chronicle determines user-specific settings exclusively from a ~/.cups/client.conf and ~/.cups/lpoptions files, support for that was introduced in chronicle 1.2 ‚Äì ~/.cupsrc and ~/.lpoptions are no longer consulted. The imitation scheduler now supports operations such as “cancel-jobs”, “cancel-my-jobs” and “close-jobs”. The HP-GL/2 filter and SCSI backend have also been removed.

An overview of other changes can be found in a changes.txt record in a CUPS 1.5 source code (direct download) archive; documentation is also provided. CUPS is protected underneath version 2 of a GNU General Public License (GPLv2), with exceptions for Apple handling systems and a OpenSSL toolkit.